Hay fever is the common name for allergic rhinitis; rhino meaning “of the nose” and itis meaning “inflammatory.” Thus, allergic rhinitis is defined as an inflammation of the nose caused by allergies. Hay fever may be perennial, which means symptoms are present throughout the year, or seasonal, with symptoms present during the months of Spring and Summer only.
Bedbugs are small, wingless insects found all over the world. They are nocturnal parasites, which means they rest during the day and are active at night. However, bed-bugs are opportunistic and will bite in the day, especially if starved for some time. They feed on the blood of humans and prefer to hide in bedding and on mattresses where they have ready access to a source of food. Although bedbugs can harbour diseases in their own bodies, transmission to humans is highly unlikely and there is no evidence for transmission of disease. They are not dangerous, unless a person is allergic to them. However, their presence can be distressing and their bites can be highly irritating! Please note their presence is not an indicator of poor hygiene!
Common colds and the ‘flu’ (influenza) are viral infections affecting the nose, sinuses, throat and airways. Antibiotics do not work against these viral infections, but colds and the flu usually get better on their own. Medicines may relieve some of the uncomfortable symptoms of colds and flu.
Cold sores ARE caused by the herpes simplex virus. However, there are 2 (two) types of herpes virus; HSV-1, which typically causes infection in or around the mouth and nose, and HSV-2, which usually causes genital herpes. However, it is important to note that it is possible for both type 1 and type 2 to cause sores in the genital area.
Cold sores affect a large amount of the population, with over 75% of adults have been exposed to the virus at some time in their life.
However, only one-third of infected people experience cold sores!
Dehydration occurs when the amount of water leaving the body is greater than the amount of water being taken in. The body is very dynamic and always changing. This is especially true with water in the body. We lose water routinely as we breathe and humidified air leaves the body, sweat to cool the body, urinate or have a bowel move-ment. Our LiveLife Pharmacies see dehydration on a daily basis, especially in our Coastal pharmacies where our customers often spend their days out in the beautiful sun-shine. We know how important it is for you to be aware of how to identify dehydration and can help you to prevent and treat this potentially dangerous condition.
Diarrhoea is when bowel movements become watery, foul-smelling and the need to go to the toilet becomes frequent and urgent. It is important to note that diarrhoea has many different causes and can sometimes be a sign of a more serious condition, such as inflammatory bowel disorders. There are 3 different types of diarrhoea.
Our ears are one of the most important parts of our body, not only allowing us to hear, but they also play a role in maintaining our balance, which is vital in our ability to function in daily life. Ear problems may be in the ear canal (external ), such as infections, blockages, or perforations of the eardrum ; or internal, such as inner ear infections of the middle or inner ear areas. Sometimes the symptoms are similar, so it is sensible to seek medical care or advice if there is pain or a loss of hearing.
Dermatitis means skin inflammation and generally involves a red, itchy skin rash. There are several different types of dermatitis, with different causes. ’Dermatitis’ is often also called ‘eczema’, but sometimes ‘eczema’ means a special type of dermatitis called ‘atopic dermatitis’.
There are many different types of eye conditions that can affect people. Some can be easily fixed with OTC medicines and do not cause any permanent damage; however others are more serious and may require urgent medical attention. This information leaflet will discuss the most common types of eye conditions that present in our LiveLife pharmacies and what treatments we have available for you.
Our bodies need cholesterol and fats (triglycerides), but having too much cholesterol or fat in our blood can increase our chances of developing high blood pressure, heart disease and stroke. High cholesterol and triglyceride levels can be lowered with healthy eating, lifestyle changes and medicines.
Dietary fibre is necessary for good digestion and a healthy bowel. It also helps control weight, blood cholesterol level and blood sugar level and may protect against bowel cancer. Good sources of dietary fibre include wholegrain breads and cereals, fruits, vegetables, legumes, nuts and seeds.
A comprehensive tool for you to learn all about those dreaded head lice. If you require any further information, please don’t hesitate to call on your local LiveLife pharmacy for fantastic advice on controlling and preventing this condition.
Ever had that rising pain and burning sensation in your chest? Feel like you’re having a heart attack? It’s more likely that you are suffering from heartburn or indigestion. Heartburn affects more than your physical health; it can affect your quality of life. Up to 1 in 5 Australians experience heartburn at least once a week—a staggering statis-tic and certainly good reason for you to understand the condition and be able to manage it should you or a close family member/friend experience it.
Heat rash is the generic group name for a number of skin problems that arise or worsen because of heat exposure. Common names for heat rash include prickly heat, mil-iaria rubra, sweat retention syndrome, and “sun” allergy.
The latest research shows that 9 out of 10 women start out by breastfeeding their babies. Most women want to breastfeed. There is no doubt in any research that breast-feeding your child is the preferred option. Unfortunately, despite our wishes, hopes and efforts, sometimes breastfeeding doesn’t work out, and it is important that you are aware that we as LiveLife pharmacists and assistants are there to help guide these parents towards the most appropriate alternative for their baby.
Insect bites are a very common cause of over the counter consultations in pharmacy. Some bites last for minutes, some for an hour or two, but those that last longer are an allergy, and should be treated as such. Apart from biting insects irritating most of us at some time, the enjoyment of holidays can be seriously affected if bites and stings are not treated quickly and effectively. Treating symptoms with itch relieving local anaesthetic creams (eg Lignocaine ), while helpful, is not treating the cause of continual itch or discomfort—the allergy itself. Adding an itch reliever to a non sedating (non sleepy) anti allergy tablet or mixture is the optimal way to treat these little annoyances.
Motion sickness can affect anyone . Many LiveLife pharmacies are in beautiful tourist areas with lots of water based activities , and the motion of sailing and motor boats is different to motion we experience in our normal daily lives . Popular activities like sailing , fishing and diving in the Whitsundays ,Port Douglas , Keppel Bay , Noosa and Byron Bay expose people to unusual movement and acceleration that can trigger motion sickness , and ruin a lovely day out . How can we avoid the distress of motion sickness ?
There are medicines that can prevent it , and ways we can help to prevent motion sickness without needing medicines.
People smoke because the nicotine in tobacco is very addictive! However as we all know, continual exposure to all of the other chemicals in the tobacco smoke can cause other health conditions such as heart disease, lung cancer, emphysema and bronchitis. If you’re a heavy smoker or been smoking for a long time, Nicotine Replacement Therapy (NRT) is a good option to consider. Clinical trials show it may increase your chances of quitting by 50-70% compared to unassisted quitting – well worth a try. This information leaflet will explain how NRT works and provide you with lifestyle tips to help assist you in being SUCCESSFUL in your attempt to quit smoking.
You know the old saying, “don’t judge a book by its cover;” well unfortunately we are all guilty of doing just that. Think of how you felt the last time you met someone that had poor dental hygiene and bad breath – was your first thought that they didn’t take good care of their health? If you don’t brush and floss your teeth daily, food particles can remain in your mouth, which promotes bacterial growth between teeth, around the gums, and on the tongue. This causes bad breath and increases the risk of plaque formation on the teeth, leading to decay and other gum disease. A beautiful clean white toothy smile is something we all aim for and something that is often used by others as a measurement of our overall health. However, looking after your oral health can do more than keep your smile attractive; new research suggests that the health of your mouth mirrors the condition of your body as a whole. For example, when your mouth is healthy, chances are your overall health is good, too. On the other hand, if you have poor oral health, you may have other health problems. This information leaflet will discuss methods to maintain oral health and ways that your local LiveLife Pharmacy can help you to keep those pearly whites shining!
The oral health leaflet has already told you how to keep your mouth in “tip top” shape. This leaflet will look further into our oral health and specifically, some common health conditions that you may experience over your lifetime.
Ovulation and pregnancy testing is something we are questioned about every day in the pharmacy. A major health problem increasing in Australia is that of “age related infertility.” Fertility is usually at its peak in a woman’s 20s and starts a slow decline as she reaches 30. By age 35, fertility starts to decline at a much faster rate. Al-though we do not wish to encourage women to have babies before they are ready both emotionally and financially, it is important to be aware of this change in the body as we age. This information leaflet will cover the basics of a woman’s menstrual cycle and how this relates to her fertility, as well as explaining what we have in the phar-macy to help with conception, test for pregnancy and then support mother and baby throughout the process.
Psoriasis is a skin disease causing red, scaly patches of skin but can also affect the nails and joints. This condition is not infectious, but can be severe. Its exact cause is yet to be discovered, but we do know that the immune system and genetics play major roles in its development. A common belief is that the immune system is somehow mistakenly triggered, which speeds up the growth cycle of skin cells among other immune reactions. People who suffer from psoriasis know that this uncomfortable and at times disfiguring skin disease can be difficult and frustrating to treat. The condition comes and goes in cycles of remissions and flare-ups and will last a lifetime. While there are medications and other therapies that can help to clear up the patches of red, scaly, thickened skin that are the hallmark of psoriasis, there is no cure. However, this information leaflet will help to explain the methods to control the symptoms and how our LiveLife pharmacies can be part of your “optimal treatment/management” plan for psoriasis. We understand that this disease can be quite embarrassing and distressing for people, sometimes leading to low self-esteem and even depression; so it is important for you to know we offer empathy and patience to each and every one of our customers in the pharmacy.
Scabies is a mite infestation in the top layer of skin. This small mite burrows into the skin, where it lives, causing a very itchy skin rash. Scabies is not due to poor hygiene. It is very contagious and can be caught by anyone. A pharmacist can advise on safe and effective treatment.
Sleep is a state of consciousness which is essential for good health. It is a period of rest and recuperation for the body and much needed ‘down time’ for the brain. It refreshes the mind and repairs the body. People vary in the amount of sleep they need, depending on their age, lifestyle, diet, and environment. Generally, we sleep less as we age and our sleep tends to be more broken. Newborn babies tend to sleep for around 16 hours out of every 24, while adults average eight hours and the elderly sleep a little less.
The average person swallows about once every two minutes; something you will become painfully aware of if you have a sore throat! The average adult gets 2-3 sore throats a year. Older people tend to have them less frequently, as over time they build up immunity against many of the causative viruses. Throat symptoms are one of the most common reasons people go see their doctor, ranking above high blood pressure, back problems, and rashes. Most sore throats don’t need the care of a doctor, but which ones do? And how can we best care for the people coming to the pharmacy to see us for help? Remember, most people are busy, have jobs to go to and families to look after; they need to be at their best every day, so let’s help them feel as good as possible!
Sprains and strains are two of the most common soft tissue injuries. Although these two terms are often used interchangeably, they actually form 2 very different conditions. A sprain is a joint injury that usually involves tearing of the ligaments and joint capsule. A strain is an injury to muscle or tendons. After an injury, you may present with pain, swelling and often bruising of the area concerned. More serious injuries may cause a loss of power or ability to bear weight on that particular joint. Soft tissue injuries require appropriate treatment/management in order for the area to heal in a timely manner. They can take between 2 and 12 weeks to heal, depending on the injury, your initial and ongoing management of the condition, and the age and general health of the patient. The information contained in this information leaflet will help you to manage these common injuries with the help of your LiveLife Pharmacy!
Sunburn is the skin’s reaction to too much ultraviolet radiation (UVR ) in sunlight. You can see sunlight, you can feel heat (infrared radia-tion), but you can’t see or feel UVR. It can damage your skin even on cool, cloudy days. In Australia, sunburn can occur in as little as 15 minutes for a fair skinned person.
With Australia having the highest rate of skin cancer in the world, we all should be very familiar with the 5 ways to be Sun smart. They are SLIP on sun protective clothing, SLOP on a 30+ or 50+ sunscreen, SLAP on a hat, SLIDE on sunglasses, and SEEK shade.
Clearly sunscreens are not the complete answer to effective sun protection, but using the right ones for you, and using them properly, will save a lot of the pain of sunburn, and a lot of the long term skin damage we are best to avoid.
Threadworm (also known as pinworm) is the most common human worm infestation that occurs in Australia. It can infest even the “cleanest” people, affecting 1 in 2 kids and 1 in 3 adults! Despite its unsavoury reputation, threadworms are relatively harmless. When examined closely, these worms look like a short piece of white thread, (thus explaining their name), and measure between 2 and 13 millimetres in length.
Ticks! These bloodsucking parasites feed on blood and are often encountered by people in Summer; especially if out bushwalking. Did you know that ticks are second only to mosquitoes as vectors (transmitters) of human disease ? This information will give you a guide to prevention of tick bites before going out for a walk, advice on how to treat the bite, and how to REMOVE ticks. If after getting a tick bite your bite remains a problem, or you feel unwell but don’t know why, please seek medical care.
Tinea is a highly contagious fungal infection that can infect the skin. The most commonly affected areas include the feet, groin, scalp and beneath the breasts. Tinea can be spread by skin-to-skin contact or indirectly through contact with fungal cells, from skin and scalp lesions of people who have the infection, lesions of animals, contami-nated floors, shower cubicles, benches, clothing and towels. Tinea is also known as ringworm, which is a misleading name since no worm is involved!
Australians are travelling overseas in ever-increasing numbers. Whatever your age or destination, properly preparing before you leave and staying in good health while travelling can help you to have a happy and enjoyable trip. Your local LiveLife Pharmacy are in the perfect position to help advise you and to ensure you have a safe, happy and healthy holiday. This information leaflet will cover some of the more common “travel conditions” and how they are best prevented/managed.
Thrush is one of those embarrassing and private conditions that patients find very difficult to talk about. This information leaflet will give you background information on the topic, so you are best prepared to deal with this condition.
Losing excess weight and maintaining a healthy weight can seem a difficult task for many; however, there are numerous ways that this may be achieved. The two key goals in moving towards a healthy weight range are to increase daily energy expenditure by exercising to burn calories and reduce daily intake of calories by eating healthy foods. The benefits of losing weight whether it be a small or large amount are huge. Any weight loss will improve overall health, but will also make a person look and feel a lot healthier. This module will allow you to understand the reasons behind weight gain and weight loss and why a healthy body is so important. You will also be given useful lifestyle advice to ensure your individual weight management program works safely and effectively.